Compensation, mastery of the environment, birth order, fantasy life and its relation to life goals. Adler eschews the chaotic unconscious for the self's dream for significance and correcting one's past blunders through turning the tables, but will our hero/heroine's story emphasize social interest, or succumb to pettiness, avoidance and/or using others?
Takeaway: Social consciousness is good, self-centeredness is bad
Despite being from Freud's time, Adler forgoes sexual pathogenesis of neuroses and structures of the mind. They're replaced with a personal fantasy narrative (guiding fiction) based off early life events, one's striving to overcome limitations through adaptation (compensation), underpinned by a style of life based on social usefulness.
Mistaken styles are styles of life that are detrimental or neglectful to society. The ruling type are aggressive enforcers and busybodies who dominate other's; authoritarian. The getting type pathologically depends on others. Avoiding types detach from society and retreat into themselves in a schizoid fashion. Compare to Fromm's escape mechanisms or Horney's neurotic trends.
Takeaway: Spoiling kids is bad
Care must be taken to avoid pampering children, which can give them a sense of entitlement. Neglect of children can cause children to lack trust in others and believe the world is a cruel place.
- Avoiding type
- Inferiority complex
- Early recollections
- Community feeling
- Birth order
- Guiding fiction aka Fictions, Fictional goal, Fictional finalism
- Getting type
compare to Moving toward in Karen Horney's Theory of Neurosis
- Organ inferiority
- Inferiority feelings
- Socially useful type
- Social interest
- Pampering aka Spoiling
- Striving aka Striving for superiority, Self-perfection, Perfection, Significance
- Masculine protest
- Superiority complex
- Ruling type
compare to Authoritarianism in Frommian Psychology, Moving against in Karen Horney's Theory of Neurosis
- Style of life